Introduction to Management
Management is an organization or business is a process of getting people together to achieve the same goal or objectives. Management process is a process of setting goals planning or controlling the organization and leading the execution of activities to the active goal.
Some important definitions of management follow:-
According to “marry Parker fillet” Management is the art of getting things done by the people.
According to “Henry Foyal” Management is a forecast to plan, to Organise, to command, To co-ordinate and control.
According to “G.R Terry” Management is the distinct process consisting of planning, organizing, actuating, and controlling to determine and accomplish the objective by the use of people and resources.
Management is necessary for growth organization because without management there could be contained, miscommunication, wastage of resources, work repetitions, delay and finally loss of money and time.
Concept of management
There are two types of concept of management.
- Traditional Concept
- Modern Concept
- Traditional Concept:-
According to the traditional concept, management is an art of getting things done through others.
The traditional concept of management is inappropriate in the present days because of the following drawbacks:-
(a) It does not describe the function which managers to perform to get results.
(B) The needs for work have been ignored. The workers were supposed to work like a machine
- Modern Concept:-
The modern concept of management considers management as the process of utilization of human resources and physical resources like capital, machine, and row material in such manners that organizational objectives and achieved effective efficiency.
According to “Harold Koontz” management is the process of designing and maintaining an environment in a useful individual working together group efficiency to accomplish desired aims.
The modern concept of management has the following features:-
(i) Management is goal oriented. Its purpose is to achieve the objectives of the organization.
(ii) It involves the effective and efficient utilization of human & after resources.
(iii) It performs the functions of planning, organization, staffing, Direction, and controlling